As filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on April 30, 2012
Registration No. 333-_______
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549
REGISTRATION STATEMENT UNDER
THE SECURITIES ACT OF 1933
CPI AEROSTRUCTURES, INC.
(Exact Name of Registrant as Specified in Its Charter)
|(State or Other Jurisdiction of||(I.R.S. Employer|
|Incorporation or Organization)||Identification Number)|
91 Heartland Boulevard
Edgewood, New York 11717
(Address, Including Zip Code, and Telephone Number, Including Area Code, of Registrant's Principal Executive Office)
Edward J. Fred
President and Chief Executive Officer
CPI Aerostructures, Inc.
91 Heartland Boulevard
Edgewood, New York 11717
(Name, Address, Including Zip Code, and Telephone Number, Including Area Code, of Agent for Service)
David Alan Miller, Esq.
405 Lexington Avenue, 19th Floor
New York, New York 10174
Telephone: (212) 818-8800
Fax: (212) 818-8881
Approximate date of commencement of proposed sale to the public: From time to time after the effective date of this Registration Statement.
If the only securities being registered on this form are being offered pursuant to dividend or interest reinvestment plans, please check the following box. ¨
If any of the securities being registered on this form are to be offered on a delayed or continuous basis pursuant to Rule 415 under the Securities Act of 1933, other than securities offered only in connection with dividend or interest reinvestment plans, check the following box. x
If this form is filed to register additional securities for an offering pursuant to Rule 462(b) under the Securities Act, please check the following box and list the Securities Act registration statement number of the earlier effective registration statement for the same offering. ¨
If this form is a post-effective amendment filed pursuant to Rule 462(c) under the Securities Act, check the following box and list the Securities Act registration statement number of the earlier effective registration statement for the same offering. ¨
If this form is a registration statement pursuant to General Instruction I.D. or a post-effective amendment thereto that shall become effective upon filing with the Commission pursuant to Rule 462(e) under the Securities Act, check the following box. ¨
If this form is a post-effective amendment to a registration statement filed pursuant to General Instruction I.D. filed to register additional securities or additional classes of securities pursuant to Rule 413(b) under the Securities Act, check the following box. ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one):
|Large accelerated filer ¨||Accelerated filer x|
|Non-accelerated filer ¨||Smaller reporting company ¨|
|(Do not check if a smaller reporting company)|
CALCULATION OF REGISTRATION FEE
|Title of each class of |
securities to be registered
|Amount to be registered||Proposed maximum offering price|
|Proposed maximum aggregate |
|Amount of registration fee|
|Common stock, par value $.001 per share||(1)(2)||(1)(2)||(1)(2)||–|
|Preferred stock, par value $.001 per share||(1)(2)||(1)(2)||(1)(2)||–|
|Total Primary Offering||$||20,000,000||$||2,292.00||(3)|
|Common stock, par value $.001 per share||817,167||$||16.05||(4)||$||13,115,530||$||1,503.04|
|(1)||This registration statement covers such indeterminate number of shares of common stock and preferred stock, such indeterminate number of warrants and units, and such indeterminate principal amount of debt securities of the registrant as have an aggregate initial offering price not to exceed $20,000,000. Any of the securities registered hereunder may be sold separately, or as units of other securities registered hereby. The securities registered hereunder are to be issued from time to time at prices to be determined. The securities registered hereunder also include such indeterminate number of securities registered hereby as may be issued upon conversion or exchange of preferred stock or debt securities that provide for conversion or exchange, upon exercise of warrants or pursuant to the antidilution provisions of any such securities. In addition, pursuant to Rule 416 under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, this registration statement shall be deemed to cover such additional number of securities as may be offered or issued in connection with any stock splits, stock dividends or similar transactions.|
|(2)||Omitted pursuant to General Instruction II.D of Form S-3 and Rule 457(o) promulgated under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended. The proposed amount to be registered, maximum offering price per unit and maximum aggregate offering price per class of security will be determined from time to time by the registrant in connection with the issuance by the registrant of the securities registered hereunder.|
|(3)||Calculated pursuant to Rule 457(o) promulgated under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended.|
|(4)||Estimated solely for purposes of calculating the registration fee pursuant to Rule 457(c) of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, using the average of the high and low prices as reported on the NYSE Amex on April 25, 2012, or $16.05.|
|(5)||Pursuant to Rule 457(p) under the Securities Act of 1933, the registrant hereby offsets the registration fee required in connection with this registration statement by $2,644.06, representing the amount of the registration fee associated with unsold securities, which registration fee was previously paid in connection with the filing of the Registration Statement on Form S-3 (File No. 333-175732) filed by the registrant on July 22, 2011, under which no securities were sold. Accordingly, a registration fee of $1,150.98 is being paid in connection with this registration statement.|
The registrant hereby amends this registration statement on such date or dates as may be necessary to delay its effective date until the registrant shall file a further amendment which specifically states that this registration statement shall thereafter become effective in accordance with Section 8(a) of the Securities Act of 1933 or until the registration statement shall become effective on such date as the Commission, acting pursuant to said Section 8(a), may determine.
Subject to Completion, dated April 30, 2012
CPI AEROSTRUCTURES, INC.
of Common Stock, Preferred Stock, Warrants, Debt Securities and Units
Offered by the Company
of Common Stock
Offered by Selling Shareholders
By this prospectus, we may offer and sell from time to time, in one or more offerings, our common stock, preferred stock, warrants, debt securities and units, which we sometimes refer to collectively as the “shelf securities,” at an aggregate initial offering price not to exceed $20,000,000. In addition, by this prospectus, selling shareholders may offer and sell from time to time, in one or more offerings, up to 817,167 shares of our common stock, which we sometimes refer to as the “resale shares.” The securities may be offered separately, together, or in series, and in amounts, at prices and on other terms to be determined at the time of each offering. We will provide the specific terms of the securities to be sold in a prospectus supplement.
We and the selling shareholders may sell the securities directly to investors, through agents designated from time to time, or to or through underwriters or dealers, among other methods. The prospectus supplement for each offering will describe the specific methods by which we and the selling shareholders will sell the securities. The prospectus supplement also will set forth the price to the public of such securities and the net proceeds we and the selling shareholders expect to receive from the sale of the securities. We will not receive any of the proceeds from the sale of resale shares by the selling shareholders.
This prospectus may not be used to consummate the sale of any securities unless accompanied by a prospectus supplement relating to the securities to be sold. You should read this prospectus and any prospectus supplements carefully before you invest.
Our common stock is listed for trading on the NYSE Amex under the symbol “CVU.” On April 25, 2012, the last reported sale price of our common stock was $16.00.
Investing in our securities involves a high degree of risk. See the section entitled “Risk Factors” appearing on page 3 in this prospectus and elsewhere in any supplements for a discussion of information that should be considered in connection with an investment in our securities.
Neither the Securities and Exchange Commission nor any state securities commission has approved or disapproved of these securities or passed upon the adequacy or accuracy of this prospectus. Any representation to the contrary is a criminal offense.
The date of this prospectus is _______ __, 2012
TABLE OF CONTENTS
|ABOUT THIS PROSPECTUS||1|
|NOTE ON FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS||3|
|USE OF PROCEEDS||4|
|RATIO OF EARNINGS TO FIXED CHARGES||4|
|DESCRIPTION OF CAPITAL STOCK||6|
|DESCRIPTION OF WARRANTS||9|
|DESCRIPTION OF DEBT SECURITIES||10|
|DESCRIPTION OF UNITS||17|
|LEGAL OWNERSHIP OF SECURITIES||17|
|PLAN OF DISTRIBUTION||20|
|WHERE YOU CAN FIND MORE INFORMATION||23|
You should rely only on the information contained or incorporated by reference in this prospectus. We have not authorized anyone to provide you with different information. We are not making an offer of these securities in any state where the offer is not permitted.
ABOUT THIS PROSPECTUS
This prospectus is part of a registration statement that we filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission using a “shelf” registration process. Under this shelf process, we may, from time to time, sell or issue any combination of shelf securities in one or more offerings with a maximum aggregate offering price of up to $20,000,000. The selling shareholders may, from time to time, offer and resell up to an aggregate of 817,167 resale shares.
This prospectus provides you with a general description of the shelf securities we may offer and the resale shares the selling shareholders may offer. Each time securities are sold by us or the selling shareholders, we will provide a prospectus supplement that will contain specific information about the terms of that offering. The prospectus supplement may also add, update or change information contained in this prospectus. You should read both this prospectus and any prospectus supplement, together with the additional information described below under the heading “Where You Can Find More Information.”
This prospectus may not be used to consummate the sale of any securities unless accompanied by a prospectus supplement relating to the securities offered.
You should not assume that the information appearing in this prospectus is accurate as of any date other than the date on the front cover of this prospectus. You should not assume that the information contained in the documents incorporated by reference in this prospectus is accurate as of any date other than the respective dates of those documents. Our business, financial condition, results of operations, and prospects may have changed since that date.
References in this prospectus to “CPI Aero®,” the “Company” and “we,” “us” and “our” refer to CPI Aerostructures, Inc., a New York corporation.
We are engaged in the contract production of structural aircraft parts principally for the U.S. Air Force and other branches of the U.S. armed forces, either as a prime contractor or as a subcontractor to other defense prime contractors. We also act as a subcontractor to prime aircraft manufacturers in the production of commercial aircraft parts. Our strategy for growth has been focused primarily as a subcontractor for defense prime contractors. Due to our success as a subcontractor to defense prime contractors we have pursued opportunities to increase our commercial subcontracting business.
We were incorporated under the laws of the State of New York in January 1980 under the name Composite Products International, Inc. We changed our name to Consortium of Precision Industries, Inc. in April 1989 and to CPI Aerostructures, Inc. in July 1992. In January 2005, we began doing business under the name CPI Aero®, a registered trademark of the Company. Our principal office is located at 91 Heartland Blvd., Edgewood, New York 11717 and our telephone number is (631) 586-5200.
We maintain a website at www.cpiaero.com. Information contained on our website or accessed through our website does not constitute a part of this prospectus.
Overview of Our Business
As a subcontractor to leading defense prime contractors such as Northrop Grumman Corporation (“NGC”), The Boeing Company (“Boeing”), Lockheed Martin Corporation (“Lockheed”), Sikorsky Aircraft Corporation (“Sikorsky”) and Bell Helicopter, we deliver various pods and modular and structural assemblies for military aircraft such as the E-2D “Hawkeye” surveillance aircraft, UH-60 “Black Hawk” helicopter, the A-10 “Thunderbolt” attack jet, the MH-60S mine counter measure helicopter and the C-5A “Galaxy” cargo jet. Seventy seven percent (77%), 73% and 43% of our revenue in 2011, 2010 and 2009, respectively, was generated by subcontracts with defense prime contractors.
We also operate as a subcontractor to prime contractors, including Sikorsky and Spirit AeroSystems, Inc. (“Spirit”), in the production of commercial aircraft parts. For Spirit we deliver leading edges for the G650 executive jet. For Sikorsky, we deliver various kits and assemblies for the S-92 civilian helicopter. Fourteen percent (14%), 17% and 29% of our revenue in 2011, 2010 and 2009, respectively, was generated by commercial contract sales.
Additionally, we perform as a prime contractor supplying structural aircraft parts to the U.S. Government. In this role, we have delivered skin panels, leading edges, flight control surfaces, engine components, wing tips, cowl doors, nacelle assemblies and inlet assemblies for military aircraft such as the C-5A cargo jet, the T-38 “Talon” jet trainer, the C-130 “Hercules” cargo jet, the A-10 attack jet, and the E-3 “Sentry” AWACS jet. Nine percent (9%), 10% and 28% of our revenue in 2011, 2010 and 2009, respectively, was generated by prime government contract sales.
We have over 30 years of experience as a contractor, completing over 2,500 contracts to date. Most members of our management team have held management positions at large aerospace contractors, including NGC, Lockheed and The Fairchild Corporation. Our technical team possesses extensive technical expertise and program management and integration capabilities. Our competitive advantage lies in our ability to offer large contractor capabilities with the flexibility and responsiveness of a small company, while staying competitive in cost and delivering superior quality products. While the larger prime contractors compete for significant modification awards and subcontract components to other suppliers, they generally do not compete for awards for smaller modifications or spare and repair parts, even for planes for which they are the original manufacturer. We qualify as a “small business” in connection with U.S. government contract awards because we have less than 1,000 employees, and this allows us to compete for military awards set aside for companies with this small business status.
Some of our significant contracts are as follows:
Military Aircraft – Subcontracts with Prime Contractors
E-2D “Hawkeye”. The NGC E-2 Hawkeye is an all-weather, aircraft carrier-based tactical Airborne Early Warning (AEW) aircraft. The twin turboprop aircraft was designed and developed in the 1950s by Grumman for the United States Navy as a replacement for the E-1 Tracer. The United States Navy aircraft has been progressively updated with the latest variant, the E-2D, first flying in 2007. In 2008, we received an initial $7.9-million order from NGC to provide structural kits for the E-2D. We value the long-term agreement at approximately $98 million over an eight-year period, with the potential to be in excess of $195 million over the life of the aircraft program. The cumulative orders we have received on this program through January 2012 exceed $34 million.
A-10 “Thunderbolt”. The A-10 Thunderbolt II is a single-seat, twin-engine, straight-wing jet aircraft developed by Fairchild-Republic for the United States Air Force to provide close air support of ground forces by attacking tanks, armored vehicles, and other ground targets with a limited air interdiction capability. It is the first U.S. Air Force aircraft designed exclusively for close air support. The A-10's official name comes from the Republic P-47 Thunderbolt of World War II, a fighter that was particularly effective at close air support. The A-10 is more commonly known by its nickname "Warthog" or simply "Hog". In 2008, we received an initial order of $3.2 million from the Boeing Integrated Defense Systems unit of The Boeing Company (“Boeing”) in support of its $2 billion award to produce up to 242 enhanced wings for the A-10. The cumulative orders we have received on this program through January 2012 exceed $47 million.
Commercial Aircraft – Subcontracts with Prime Contractors
Gulfstream G650. In March 2008, Spirit awarded us a contract to provide Spirit with leading edges for the Gulfstream G650 business jet, a commercial program that Spirit is supporting. During 2009, we renegotiated the unit pricing for add-on work, engineering changes and tooling charges with Spirit for this multi-year contract. As a result of this renegotiation, we estimate the value of this contract to be approximately $46.9 million. In addition, the tooling portion of this contract of approximately $5.6 million was paid in four installments through July 2011. The cumulative orders we have received on this program through January 2012 exceed $41 million.
Military Aircraft – Prime Contracts with U.S. Government
C-5A “Galaxy”. The C-5A Galaxy cargo jet is one of the largest aircraft in the world and can carry a maximum cargo load of 270,000 pounds. Lockheed delivered the first C-5A in 1970. The C-5A Galaxy carries fully equipped combat-ready military units to any point in the world on short notice and then provides field support to sustain the fighting force. The Air Force has created a comprehensive program to ensure the capabilities of its C-5A fleet until 2040. We are one of the leading suppliers of structural spare parts and assemblies for the C-5A aircraft. We assemble numerous C-5A parts, including panels, slats, spoilers and wing-tips and are the only supplier of C-5A wing-tips to the U.S. government. Like the C-5A itself, the wing-tip is a large structure and is expensive – costing up to $750,000 for each replacement piece. Our first C-5A contract was approximately $590,000 of structural spares and was awarded in 1995. In 2004, the Air Force awarded us a seven-year TOP contract to build an assortment of parts for the C-5A, including wing tips and panels. The ordering period for the C-5 TOP contract ended in May of 2011. Since 1995, we have received releases under contracts for C-5A parts aggregating approximately $103 million, including $45.5 million from the TOP contract.
Any investment in our securities involves a high degree of risk. Potential investors are urged to read and consider the risk factors relating to an investment in our company set forth in our SEC filings, including our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2011.
NOTE ON FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS
Some of the statements contained in this prospectus and incorporated by reference herein are forward-looking statements that relate to possible future events, our future performance and our future operations. In some cases, you can identify these forward-looking statements by the use of words such as “may,” “will,” “should,” “anticipates,” “believes,” “expects,” “plans,” “future,” “intends,” “could,” “estimate,” “predict,” “potential,” “continue,” or the negative of these terms or other similar expressions. These statements are only our predictions. We cannot guarantee future results, levels of activities, performance or achievements. Our actual results could differ materially from these forward-looking statements for many reasons, including as a result of those risks described from time to time in our SEC filings and those risks identified under sections entitled “Risk Factors” in any prospectus supplement. Important factors, among others, that may affect our actual results include:
|·||changes in the expense and revenue estimates used in our percentage-of-completion method of accounting;|
|·||any suspension of or prohibition on our contracting with the Federal government;|
|·||changes in Federal funding that affect our projects;|
|·||changes in priorities in the Federal government due to military transformation and planning and/or the nature of war-related activity;|
|·||the ability of the Federal government to terminate contracts, in whole or in part, without prior notice, for convenience;|
|·||the time and expense of the Federal government’s competitive bidding process;|
|·||environmental regulation at the Federal, state and local levels;|
|·||regulation by the Federal Aviation Administration under the provisions of the Federal Aviation Act of 1958, as amended;|
|·||reliance on subcontractors to perform a portion of the services that we must provide to our customers;|
|·||increased costs on our fixed price contracts;|
|·||differences between contract value and revenue received with respect to our backlog;|
|·||our ability to attract and retain highly qualified senior officers and engineers;|
|·||our ability to obtain sufficient credit lines;|
|·||the cyclical nature of the commercial aerospace industry; and|
|·||the unpredictable nature of new programs and new technologies.|
We are under no duty to update or revise any of the forward-looking statements or risk factors to conform them to actual results or to changes in our expectations.
USE OF PROCEEDS
Unless otherwise indicated in the applicable prospectus supplement, we intend to use the net proceeds from the sale of shelf securities offered hereby for general corporate purposes, which may include working capital, capital expenditures, debt repayment or acquisitions. Pending the application of such proceeds, we expect to invest the proceeds in short-term, interest bearing, investment-grade marketable securities or money market obligations.
We will not receive any of the proceeds from the sale of resale shares by the selling shareholders.
RATIO OF EARNINGS TO FIXED CHARGES
The table below sets forth our ratio of earnings to fixed charges on a historical basis for the periods indicated. The information set forth in the table should be read in conjunction with the financial information incorporated by reference into this prospectus.
|For the Fiscal Year Ended December 31,|
|Ratio of earnings to fixed charges||16.22||3.02||16.36||22.76||17.51|
The ratios are calculated by dividing earnings by fixed charges. For the purposes of computing the ratio of earnings to fixed charges, earnings consist of pretax income from continuing operations plus fixed charges. Fixed charges consist of interest expensed and the interest element of rentals.
We had no shares of preferred stock outstanding for any period presented.
The selling shareholders may sell a total of up to 817,167 shares of our common stock, the “resale shares,” under this prospectus.
The selling shareholders include our executive officers and directors and an affiliate of one of our directors (Crescendo Partners II, L.P. Series L (“Crescendo Partners II”)). The selling shareholders (other than Crescendo Partners II) acquired their resale shares from time to time in connection with awards under our equity incentive plans and in open market purchases. Crescendo Partners II acquired its resale shares in our public offering consummated on February 19, 2003. When we refer to “selling shareholders” in this prospectus, we mean the individuals listed in the table below, and the pledgees, donees, permitted transferees, assignees, successors and others who later come to hold any of the selling shareholders’ interests in shares of our common stock other than through a public sale.
The following table sets forth, as of the date of this prospectus, the name of the selling shareholders for whom we are registering shares for resale to the public, the number of shares beneficially owned by them prior to this offering, the number of shares that the selling shareholders may offer pursuant to this prospectus and the number of shares and percentage of outstanding shares of common stock to be beneficially owned by them after this offering. The table is based on information provided to us by the selling shareholders. It assumes that the selling shareholders will sell all of the resale shares offered by this prospectus and will not acquire any additional shares of our common stock during the offering. We cannot advise you as to whether the selling shareholders will in fact sell any or all of such shares. In addition, the selling shareholders may have sold, transferred or otherwise disposed of, or may sell, transfer or otherwise dispose of, at any time and from time to time, the resale shares in transactions exempt from the registration requirements of the Securities Act after the date of this prospectus.
The percentage of common stock owned after the offering by each selling shareholder was calculated based on 7,007,719 shares of our common stock outstanding as of April 25, 2012.
|Name of Selling Shareholder||Number of |
Prior to the
|Number of Shares of Common Stock Offered in the Offering||Number of Shares of Common Stock Owned After the Offering*||Percentage of Common Stock Owned After the Offering|
|Harvey J. Bazaar(1)||137,689||25,000||112,689||1.6||%|
|Edward J. Fred(2)||371,339||200,000||171,339||2.4||%|
|Crescendo Partners II, L.P. Series L(8)||883,334||441,667||441,667||6.3||%|
|*||Assumes that the selling shareholders will sell all of the resale shares offered by this prospectus. There is no assurance that the selling shareholders will sell all or any of their shares.|
|(1)||Mr. Bazaar is a member of our board of directors. The number of shares of common stock beneficially owned by Mr. Bazaar prior to the offering includes 112,689 common shares that Mr. Bazaar has the right to acquire upon exercise of options. Mr. Bazaar is offering 25,000 shares previously acquired upon the exercise of options.|
|(2)||Mr. Fred is our chief executive officer and president and a member of our board of directors. The number of shares of common stock beneficially owned by Mr. Fred prior to the offering includes 100,000 common shares that Mr. Fred has the right to acquire upon exercise of options. Mr. Fred is offering 189,136 shares previously acquired upon the exercise of options and 10,864 shares granted to him under our equity incentive plans as part of his annual bonus.|
|(3)||Mr. McCrosson is our chief operating officer. The number of shares of common stock beneficially owned by Mr. McCrosson prior to the offering includes 75,000 common shares that Mr. McCrosson has the right to acquire upon exercise of options. Mr. McCrosson is offering 50,000 of the shares subject to options.|
|(4)||Mr. McSweeney is a member of our board of directors. The number of shares of common stock beneficially owned by Mr. McSweeney prior to the offering includes 45,640 common shares that Mr. McSweeney has the right to acquire upon exercise of options. Mr. McSweeney is offering 10,000 shares previously acquired upon the exercise of options.|
|(5)||Mr. Palazzolo is our chief financial officer. The number of shares of common stock beneficially owned by Mr. Palazzolo prior to the offering includes 75,000 common shares that Mr. Palazzolo has the right to acquire upon exercise of options. Mr. Palazzolo is offering 10,000 of the shares subject to options, 12,500 shares granted to him under our equity incentive plans as part of his annual bonus, and 2,500 shares acquired in open market purchases.|
|(6)||Mr. Paulick is a member of our board of directors. The number of shares of common stock beneficially owned by Mr. Paulick prior to the offering includes 45,640 common shares that Mr. Paulick has the right to acquire upon exercise of options. Mr. Paulick is offering 5,000 shares previously acquired upon the exercise of options.|
|(7)||Mr. Rosenfeld is our chairman of the board. The number of shares of common stock beneficially owned by Mr. Rosenfeld prior to the offering represents (a) 75,000 common shares owned individually, (b) 46,000 common shares owned as joint tenants by Mr. Rosenfeld and his wife, and (c) 156,548 common shares that Mr. Rosenfeld has the right to acquire upon exercise of options. Mr. Rosenfeld is offering all 46,000 shares owned as joint tenants by Mr. Rosenfeld and his wife, which were acquired by them in open market purchases, and 14,500 shares owned by Mr. Rosenfeld individually, which were previously acquired by him upon the exercise of options. Mr. Rosenfeld is the senior managing member of the sole general partner of Crescendo Partners II. Mr. Rosenfeld disclaims beneficial ownership of the shares held by Crescendo Partners II, except to the extent of his pecuniary interest therein.|
|(8)||Crescendo Partners II may be deemed to be controlled by Eric Rosenfeld, our chairman of the board.|
DESCRIPTION OF CAPITAL STOCK
The following description of the material terms our common stock and preferred stock is subject to and qualified in its entirety by reference to our amended articles of incorporation, bylaws and the New York Business Corporation Law. We urge you to read our amended articles of incorporation and bylaws, which are incorporated by reference as exhibits to the registration statement of which this prospectus forms a part, and the applicable provisions of the New York Business Corporation Law (“NYBCL”). For information on how to obtain copies of our amended articles of incorporation and bylaws, see “Where You Can Find Additional Information.”
We are authorized to issue up to 50,000,000 shares of common stock, par value $0.001 per share. As of April 25, 2012 there were 7,007,719 shares of our common stock outstanding. In addition, as of such date, there were 680,517 shares of common stock subject to outstanding stock options. Holders of our common stock are entitled to one vote per share on all matters submitted to a vote of shareholders and may not cumulate votes for the election of directors. Common shareholders have the right to receive dividends when, as, and if declared by the board of directors from funds legally available therefor. In the event of our liquidation, dissolution or winding up, holders of our common stock are entitled to share ratably in all assets remaining after payment of liabilities and the liquidation preferences of any outstanding shares of preferred stock. Holders of our common stock have no preemptive, subscription, redemption or conversion rights. There are no sinking fund provisions applicable to the common stock. When the applicable consideration has been paid in accordance with the NYBCL, shares of our common stock are nonassessable. Our common stock is subject to the express terms of our preferred stock and any series thereof.
We are authorized to issue up to 5,000,000 shares of preferred stock, par value $.001 per share. As of April 25, 2012, there were no preferred shares issued or outstanding. If issued, the shares of preferred stock will have such rights and preferences as our board of directors will determine, from time to time. The issuance of preferred stock, while providing desirable flexibility in connection with possible acquisition and other corporate purposes, could have the effect of making it more difficult for a third party to acquire, or discourage a third party from acquiring, a majority of our outstanding common stock. Our board of directors may issue preferred stock with voting and conversion rights that could adversely affect the voting power of the holders of our common stock or holders of other series of preferred stock. The shares of preferred stock will be issued in series under certificates of amendment to be adopted by our board of directors. The following outlines some of the general terms and provisions of the series of preferred stock that we may issue from time to time. Additional or different terms of the series of preferred stock and the applicable certificate of amendment will be set forth in the applicable prospectus supplement.
We will file as an exhibit to the registration statement of which this prospectus is a part, or will incorporate by reference from reports that we file with the SEC, the form of any certificate of amendment that describes the terms of the series of preferred stock we are offering before the issuance of that series of preferred stock. The following summaries of material provisions of the preferred stock are subject to, and qualified in their entirety by reference to, all of the provisions of the certificate of amendment applicable to a particular series of preferred stock. We urge you to read the applicable prospectus supplements, as well as the complete certificate of amendment that contains the terms of the series of preferred stock.
The prospectus supplement relating to a particular series of preferred stock will describe the terms of that series of preferred stock and the price or prices at which we will offer the shares of that series of preferred stock. The description may include:
|·||the title of the series of preferred stock and the number of shares offered;|
|·||the price at which the preferred stock will be issued;|
|·||the dividend rate, if any, the dates on which the dividends will be payable and other terms relating to the payment of dividends on the preferred stock;|
|·||the voting rights of the preferred stock;|
|·||whether the preferred stock is redeemable or subject to a sinking fund, and the terms of any such redemption or sinking fund;|
|·||whether the preferred stock is convertible into any other securities, and the terms and conditions of any such conversion;|
|·||the liquidation preference of the preferred stock;|
|·||whether the holders of the preferred stock have any preemptive rights;|
|·||the relative ranking and preferences of the preferred stock as to dividend or other distribution rights and rights if we liquidate, dissolve or wind up our affairs;|
|·||any limitations on issuance of any series of preferred stock ranking senior to or on a parity with the series of preferred stock being offered as to distribution rights and rights upon the liquidation, dissolution or winding up or our affairs, and any limitations on the repurchase or redemption of, or distributions to, any shares of any class of capital stock;|
|·||whether the terms of the preferred stock may be modified other than by the vote of a majority of the preferred stock, voting as a class; and|
|·||any additional rights, preferences and limitations of the preferred stock.|
When issued and the applicable consideration has been paid in accordance with the NYBCL, shares of our preferred stock will be nonassessable.
Provisions of New York Law and Our Charter and Bylaws
Certain provisions of New York law and of our charter and bylaws could make our acquisition by a third party, a change in our incumbent management, or a similar change of control more difficult. The provisions described below, and the board of directors’ right to issue shares of our preferred stock from time to time in one or more classes or series without shareholder approval, as described above, may discourage certain types of coercive takeover practices and inadequate takeover bids and encourage persons seeking to acquire control of us to first negotiate with our board of directors. We believe that these provisions help to protect our potential ability to negotiate with the proponent of an unfriendly or unsolicited proposal to acquire or restructure us, and that this benefit outweighs the potential disadvantages of discouraging such a proposal because our ability to negotiate with the proponent could result in an improvement of the terms of the proposal.
Directors. Our board of directors is divided into three classes. The members of each class are elected for a term of three years and only one class of directors is elected annually. Thus, it would take at least two annual elections to replace a majority of our board of directors. Nominations for our board of directors may be made by our board or, in certain situations, by any holder of common stock. A shareholder entitled to vote for the election of directors may nominate a person for election as director only if the shareholder provides written notice of his nomination to our secretary not later than 120 days in advance of the same day and month that our proxy statement was released to shareholders in connection with the previous year’s annual meeting of shareholders or, if no annual meeting was held in the previous year, then by the end of the fiscal year to which the annual meeting in which the nomination will be made relates.
Meetings. A special meeting of our shareholders may be called only by our board of directors or our chairman of the board, if one has been elected, or our president. Any action required or permitted to be taken by a vote of our shareholders may be taken without a meeting by written consent, except that such written consent must be signed by the holders of all of the shares entitled to vote thereon.
New York anti-takeover law. We are subject to certain “business combination” provisions of Section 912 of the NYBCL and expect to continue to be so subject if and for so long as we have a class of securities registered under Section 12 of the Exchange Act. Section 912 provides, with certain exceptions, that a New York corporation may not engage in a “business combination” (e.g., merger, consolidation, recapitalization or disposition of stock) with any “interested shareholder” for a period of five years from the date that such person first became an interested shareholder unless the business combination or the transaction resulting in a person becoming an interested shareholder was approved by the board of directors of the corporation prior to that person becoming an interested shareholder. Furthermore, no New York corporation may engage at any time in any business combination with an interested shareholder other than (i) a business combination that is approved by the board of directors of the corporation prior to that person becoming an interested shareholder, or where the transaction resulting in a person becoming an interested shareholder was approved by the board of directors of the corporation prior to that person becoming an interested shareholder; (ii) a business combination that is approved by a majority of the outstanding stock not held by the interested shareholder or an affiliate of the interested stockholder at a meeting called no earlier than five years after the interested shareholder’s stock acquisition date; or (iii) the business combination that meets certain valuation requirements for the consideration paid.
An “interested shareholder” is defined as any person who (a) is the beneficial owner of 20% or more of the outstanding voting stock of a New York corporation or (b) is an affiliate or associate of a corporation that at any time during the prior five years was the beneficial owner, directly or indirectly, of 20% or more of the then outstanding voting stock. A “business combination” includes mergers, asset sales and other transactions resulting in a financial benefit to the interested shareholder. The “stock acquisition date,” with respect to any person and any New York corporation, means the date that such person first becomes an interested shareholder of such corporation.
Transfer Agent and Registrar
The transfer agent and registrar for our common stock is American Stock Transfer & Trust Company, LLC, 6201 15th Avenue, Brooklyn, New York 11219, and can be reached at (800) 937-5449. The transfer agent and registrar for any series of preferred stock will be set forth in the applicable prospectus supplement.
DESCRIPTION OF WARRANTS
We may issue warrants for the purchase of common or preferred stock or any of the other securities that may be sold under this prospectus, or any combination of these securities. Warrants may be issued independently or together with other securities and may be attached to or separate from any offered securities. Each series of warrants will be issued under a separate warrant agreement to be entered into between a warrant agent and us. The warrant agent will act solely as our agent in connection with the warrants and will not have any obligation or relationship of agency or trust for or with any holders or beneficial owners of warrants. The following outlines some of the general terms and provisions of the warrants that we may issue from time to time. Additional or different terms of the warrants and the applicable warrant agreement will be set forth in the applicable prospectus supplement.
We will file as an exhibit to the registration statement of which this prospectus is a part, or will incorporate by reference from reports that we file with the SEC, the form of warrant agreement that describes the terms of the series of warrants we are offering before the issuance of those warrants. The following summaries of material provisions of the warrants are subject to, and qualified in their entirety by reference to, all of the provisions of the warrant agreement applicable to a particular series of warrants. We urge you to read the applicable prospectus supplements, as well as the complete warrant agreement that contains the terms of the series of warrants.
The prospectus supplement relating to a particular issue of warrants will describe the terms of those warrants and the price or prices at which will offer the warrants. The description may include:
|·||the title of the warrants;|
|·||the offering price for the warrants, if any;|
|·||the aggregate number of the warrants;|
|·||the designation and/or terms of the securities purchasable upon exercise of the warrants;|
|·||if applicable, the designation and/or terms of the securities that the warrants are issued with and the number of warrants issued with each security;|
|·||if applicable, the date from and after which the warrants and any securities issued with the warrants will be separately transferable;|
|·||the amount and price of securities that may be purchased upon exercise of a warrant;|
|·||the dates on which the right to exercise the warrants commence and expire;|
|·||if applicable, the minimum or maximum amount of the warrants that may be exercised at any one time;|
|·||whether the warrants represented by the warrant certificates or, if applicable, the securities that may be issued upon exercise of the warrants, will be issued in registered or bearer form;|
|·||if applicable, information relating to book-entry procedures;|
|·||if applicable, a discussion of material U.S. Federal income tax considerations;|
|·||anti-dilution provisions of the warrants, if any;|
|·||redemption or call provisions, if any, applicable to the warrants; and|
|·||any additional terms of the warrants, including terms, procedures and limitations relating to the exchange and exercise of the warrants.|
Exercise of Warrants
Each warrant will entitle the holder of the warrant to purchase at the exercise price set forth in the applicable prospectus supplement the amount of the underlying securities being offered. Holders may exercise warrants at any time up to the close of business on the expiration date set forth in the applicable prospectus supplement. After the close of business on the expiration date, unexercised warrants will be void. Holders may exercise warrants as set forth in the prospectus supplement relating to the warrants being offered.
Until a holder exercises the warrants to purchase any securities underlying the warrants, the holder will not have any rights as a holder of the underlying securities by virtue of ownership of warrants.
DESCRIPTION OF DEBT SECURITIES
We may issue debt securities, in one or more series, as either senior or subordinated debt or as senior or subordinated convertible debt. While the terms we have summarized below will apply generally to any debt securities that we may offer under this prospectus, we will describe the particular terms of any debt securities that we may offer in more detail in the applicable prospectus supplement. The terms of any debt securities offered under a prospectus supplement may differ from the terms described below. Unless the context requires otherwise, whenever we refer to the indentures, we also are referring to any supplemental indentures that specify the terms of a particular series of debt securities.
We will issue the senior debt securities under the senior indenture that we will enter into with the trustee to be named in the senior indenture. We will issue the subordinated debt securities under the subordinated indenture that we will enter into with the trustee to be named in the subordinated indenture. The indentures will be qualified under the Trust Indenture Act of 1939. We use the term “debenture trustee” to refer to either the trustee under the senior indenture or the trustee under the subordinated indenture, as applicable. We have filed forms of indentures as exhibits to the registration statement of which this prospectus is a part, and supplemental indentures and forms of debt securities containing the terms of the debt securities being offered will be filed as exhibits to the registration statement of which this prospectus is a part or will be incorporated by reference from reports that we file with the SEC.
The following summaries of material provisions of the senior debt securities, the subordinated debt securities and the indentures are subject to, and qualified in their entirety by reference to, all of the provisions of the indenture applicable to a particular series of debt securities. We urge you to read the applicable prospectus supplements, as well as the complete indenture that contains the terms of the debt securities. Except as we may otherwise indicate, the terms of the senior indenture and the subordinated indenture are identical.
We will describe in the applicable prospectus supplement the terms of the series of debt securities being offered, including:
|·||the principal amount being offered, and if a series, the total amount authorized and the total amount outstanding;|
|·||any limit on the amount that may be issued;|
|·||whether or not we will issue the series of debt securities in global form, the terms and who the depositary will be;|
|·||the maturity date;|
|·||whether and under what circumstances, if any, we will pay additional amounts on any debt securities held by a person who is not a U.S. person for tax purposes, and whether we can redeem the debt securities if we have to pay such additional amounts;|
|·||the annual interest rate, which may be fixed or variable, or the method for determining the rate and the date interest will begin to accrue, the dates interest will be payable and the regular record dates for interest payment dates or the method for determining such dates;|
|·||whether the interest is payable in property other than cash, including in securities of ours, or by increasing the principal amount of the debt securities;|
|·||whether or not the debt securities will be secured or unsecured, and the terms of any secured debt;|
|·||the terms of the subordination of any series of subordinated debt;|
|·||the place where payments will be payable;|
|·||restrictions on transfer, sale or other assignment, if any;|
|·||our right, if any, to defer payment of interest and the maximum length of any such deferral period;|
|·||the date, if any, after which, and the price at which, we may, at our option, redeem the series of debt securities pursuant to any optional or provisional redemption provisions and the terms of those redemption provisions;|
|·||the date, if any, on which, and the price at which we are obligated, pursuant to any mandatory sinking fund or analogous fund provisions or otherwise, to redeem, or at the holder’s option to purchase, the series of debt securities and the currency or currency unit in which the debt securities are payable;|
|·||whether the indenture will restrict our ability to:|
|o||incur additional indebtedness;|
|o||issue additional securities;|
|o||pay dividends and make distributions in respect of our capital stock;|
|o||redeem capital stock;|
|o||make investments or other restricted payments;|
|o||sell or otherwise dispose of assets;|
|o||enter into sale-leaseback transactions;|
|o||engage in transactions with shareholders and affiliates; or|
|o||effect a consolidation or merger;|
|·||whether the indenture will require us to maintain any interest coverage, fixed charge, cash flow-based, asset-based or other financial ratios;|
|·||a discussion of any material U.S. Federal income tax considerations applicable to the debt securities;|
|·||information describing any book-entry features;|
|·||provisions for a sinking fund purchase or other analogous fund, if any;|
|·||the applicability of the provisions in the indenture on discharge;|
|·||whether the debt securities are to be offered at a price such that they will be deemed to be offered at an “original issue discount” as defined in paragraph (a) of Section 1273 of the Internal Revenue Code;|
|·||the denominations in which we will issue the series of debt securities, if other than denominations of $1,000 and any integral multiple thereof;|
|·||the currency of payment of debt securities if other than U.S. dollars and the manner of determining the equivalent amount in U.S. dollars; and|
|·||any other specific terms, preferences, rights or limitations of, or restrictions on, the debt securities, including any additional events of default or covenants provided with respect to the debt securities, and any terms that may be required by us or advisable under applicable laws or regulations.|
Conversion or Exchange Rights
We will set forth in the prospectus supplement the terms on which a series of debt securities may be convertible into or exchangeable for our common stock or our other securities. We will include provisions as to whether conversion or exchange is mandatory, at the option of the holder or at our option. We may include provisions pursuant to which the number of shares of our common stock or our other securities that the holders of the series of debt securities receive would be subject to adjustment.
Consolidation, Merger or Sale
Unless we provide otherwise in the prospectus supplement applicable to a particular series of debt securities, the indentures will not contain any covenant that restricts our ability to merge or consolidate, or sell, convey, transfer or otherwise dispose of all or substantially all of our assets. However, any successor to or acquirer of such assets must assume all of our obligations under the indentures or the debt securities, as appropriate. If the debt securities are convertible into or exchangeable for our other securities or securities of other entities, the person with whom we consolidate or merge or to whom we sell all of our property must make provisions for the conversion of the debt securities into securities that the holders of the debt securities would have received if they had converted the debt securities before the consolidation, merger or sale.
Events of Default Under the Indenture
Unless we provide otherwise in the prospectus supplement applicable to a particular series of debt securities, the following are events of default under the indentures with respect to any series of debt securities that we may issue:
|·||if we fail to pay interest when due and payable and our failure continues for 90 days and the time for payment has not been extended or deferred;|
|·||if we fail to pay the principal, premium or sinking fund payment, if any, when due and payable and the time for payment has not been extended or delayed;|
|·||if we fail to observe or perform any other covenant contained in the debt securities or the indentures, other than a covenant specifically relating to another series of debt securities, and our failure continues for 90 days after we receive notice from the debenture trustee or holders of at least a majority of the aggregate principal amount of the outstanding debt securities of the applicable series; and|
|·||if specified events of bankruptcy, insolvency or reorganization occur.|
If an event of default with respect to debt securities of any series occurs and is continuing, other than an event of default specified in the last bullet point above, the debenture trustee or the holders of at least a majority of the aggregate principal amount of the outstanding debt securities of that series, by notice to us in writing, and to the debenture trustee if notice is given by such holders, may declare the unpaid principal of, premium, if any, and accrued interest, if any, due and payable immediately. If an event of default specified in the last bullet point above occurs with respect to us, the principal amount of and accrued interest, if any, of each issue of debt securities then outstanding shall be due and payable without any notice or other action on the part of the debenture trustee or any holder.
The holders of a majority in principal amount of the outstanding debt securities of an affected series may waive any default or event of default with respect to the series and its consequences, except defaults or events of default regarding payment of principal, premium, if any, or interest, unless we have cured the default or event of default in accordance with the indenture. Any waiver shall cure the default or event of default.
Subject to the terms of the indentures, if an event of default under an indenture shall occur and be continuing, the debenture trustee will be under no obligation to exercise any of its rights or powers under such indenture at the request or direction of any of the holders of the applicable series of debt securities, unless such holders have offered the debenture trustee reasonable indemnity. The holders of a majority in principal amount of the outstanding debt securities of any series will have the right to direct the time, method and place of conducting any proceeding for any remedy available to the debenture trustee, or exercising any trust or power conferred on the debenture trustee, with respect to the debt securities of that series, provided that:
|·||the direction so given by the holder is not in conflict with any law or the applicable indenture; and|
|·||subject to its duties under the Trust Indenture Act of 1939, the debenture trustee need not take any action that might involve it in personal liability or might be unduly prejudicial to the holders not involved in the proceeding.|
A holder of the debt securities of any series will have the right to institute a proceeding under the indentures or to appoint a receiver or trustee, or to seek other remedies only if:
|·||the holder has given written notice to the debenture trustee of a continuing event of default with respect to that series;|
|·||the holders of at least a majority of the aggregate principal amount of the outstanding debt securities of that series have made written request, and such holders have offered reasonable indemnity to the debenture trustee to institute the proceeding as trustee; and|
|·||the debenture trustee does not institute the proceeding, and does not receive from the holders of a majority in aggregate principal amount of the outstanding debt securities of that series other conflicting directions within 90 days after the notice, request and offer.|
These limitations do not apply to a suit instituted by a holder of debt securities if we default in the payment of the principal, premium, if any, or interest on, the debt securities.
We will periodically file statements with the debenture trustee regarding our compliance with specified covenants in the indentures.
Modification of Indenture; Waiver
We and the debenture trustee may change an indenture without the consent of any holders with respect to specific matters:
|·||to fix any ambiguity, defect or inconsistency in the indenture;|
|·||to comply with the provisions described above under “Description of Debt Securities — Consolidation, Merger or Sale;”|
|·||to comply with any requirements of the SEC in connection with the qualification of any indenture under the Trust Indenture Act of 1939;|
|·||to add to, delete from or revise the conditions, limitations, and restrictions on the authorized amount, terms, or purposes of issue, authentication and delivery of debt securities, as set forth in the indenture;|
|·||to provide for the issuance of and establish the form and terms and conditions of the debt securities of any series as provided under “Description of Debt Securities — General,” to establish the form of any certifications required to be furnished pursuant to the terms of the indenture or any series of debt securities, or to add to the rights of the holders of any series of debt securities;|
|·||to evidence and provide for the acceptance of appointment hereunder by a successor trustee;|
|·||to provide for uncertificated debt securities in addition to or in place of certificated debt securities and to make all appropriate changes for such purpose;|
|·||to add to our covenants such new covenants, restrictions, conditions or provisions for the protection of the holders, and to make the occurrence, or the occurrence and the continuance, of a default in any such additional covenants, restrictions, conditions or provisions an event of default; or|
|·||to change anything that does not materially adversely affect the interests of any holder of debt securities of any series.|
In addition, under the indentures, the rights of holders of a series of debt securities may be changed by us and the debenture trustee with the written consent of the holders of at least a majority in aggregate principal amount of the outstanding debt securities of each series that is affected. However, unless we provide otherwise in the prospectus supplement applicable to a particular series of debt securities, we and the debenture trustee may make the following changes only with the consent of each holder of any outstanding debt securities affected:
|·||extending the fixed maturity of the series of debt securities;|
|·||reducing the principal amount, reducing the rate of or extending the time of payment of interest, or reducing any premium payable upon the redemption of any debt securities; or|
|·||reducing the percentage of debt securities, the holders of which are required to consent to any amendment, supplement, modification or waiver.|
Each indenture provides that we can elect to be discharged from our obligations with respect to one or more series of debt securities, except for specified obligations, including obligations to:
|·||register the transfer or exchange of debt securities of the series;|
|·||replace stolen, lost or mutilated debt securities of the series;|
|·||maintain paying agencies;|
|·||hold monies or other property for payment in trust;|
|·||recover excess money held by the debenture trustee;|
|·||compensate and indemnify the debenture trustee; and|
|·||appoint any successor trustee.|
In order to exercise our rights to be discharged, we must deposit with the debenture trustee money or government obligations (or, if the debt securities are payable otherwise than in cash, we must have made other arrangements satisfactory to the debenture trustee for payment in property other than cash), sufficient to pay all the principal of, any premium, if any, and interest on, the debt securities of the series on the dates payments are due.
Form, Exchange and Transfer
We will issue the debt securities of each series only in fully registered form without coupons and, unless we provide otherwise in the applicable prospectus supplement, in denominations of $1,000 and any integral multiple thereof. The indentures provide that we may issue debt securities of a series in temporary or permanent global form and as book-entry securities that will be deposited with, or on behalf of, The Depository Trust Company or another depositary named by us and identified in a prospectus supplement with respect to that series. See “Legal Ownership of Securities” for a further description of the terms relating to any book-entry securities.
At the option of the holder, subject to the terms of the indentures and the limitations applicable to global securities described in the applicable prospectus supplement, the holder of the debt securities of any series can exchange the debt securities for other debt securities of the same series, in any authorized denomination and of like tenor and aggregate principal amount.
Subject to the terms of the indentures and the limitations applicable to global securities set forth in the applicable prospectus supplement, holders of the debt securities may present the debt securities for exchange or for registration of transfer, duly endorsed or with the form of transfer endorsed thereon duly executed if so required by us or the security registrar, at the office of the security registrar or at the office of any transfer agent designated by us for this purpose. Unless otherwise provided in the debt securities that the holder presents for transfer or exchange, we will impose no service charge for any registration of transfer or exchange, but we may require payment of any taxes or other governmental charges.
We will name in the applicable prospectus supplement the security registrar, and any transfer agent in addition to the security registrar, that we initially designate for any debt securities. We may at any time designate additional transfer agents or rescind the designation of any transfer agent or approve a change in the office through which any transfer agent acts, except that we will be required to maintain a transfer agent in each place of payment for the debt securities of each series.
If we elect to redeem the debt securities of any series, we will not be required to:
|·||issue, register the transfer of, or exchange any debt securities of that series during a period beginning at the opening of business 15 days before the day of mailing of a notice of redemption of any debt securities that may be selected for redemption and ending at the close of business on the day of the mailing; or|
|·||register the transfer of or exchange any debt securities so selected for redemption, in whole or in part, except the unredeemed portion of any debt securities we are redeeming in part.|
Information Concerning the Debenture Trustee
The debenture trustee, other than during the occurrence and continuance of an event of default under an indenture, undertakes to perform only those duties as are specifically set forth in the applicable indenture. Upon an event of default under an indenture, the debenture trustee must use the same degree of care as a prudent person would exercise or use in the conduct of his or her own affairs. Subject to this provision, the debenture trustee is under no obligation to exercise any of the powers given it by the indentures at the request of any holder of debt securities unless it is offered reasonable security and indemnity against the costs, expenses and liabilities that it might incur.
Payment and Paying Agents
Unless we otherwise indicate in the applicable prospectus supplement, we will make payment of the interest on any debt securities on any interest payment date to the person in whose name the debt securities, or one or more predecessor securities, are registered at the close of business on the regular record date for the interest.
We will pay principal of and any premium and interest on the debt securities of a particular series at the office of the paying agents designated by us, except that unless we otherwise indicate in the applicable prospectus supplement, we will make interest payments by check that we will mail to the holder or by wire transfer to certain holders (or, if the debt securities are payable otherwise than in cash, in accordance with provisions set forth in the prospectus supplement). Unless we otherwise indicate in the applicable prospectus supplement, we will designate the corporate trust office of the debenture trustee in the City of New York as our sole paying agent for payments with respect to debt securities of each series. We will name in the applicable prospectus supplement any other paying agents that we initially designate for the debt securities of a particular series. We will maintain a paying agent in each place of payment for the debt securities of a particular series.
All money or other property we pay to a paying agent or the debenture trustee for the payment of the principal of or any premium or interest on any debt securities that remains unclaimed at the end of two years after such principal, premium or interest has become due and payable will be repaid to us, and the holder of the debt security thereafter may look only to us for payment thereof.
The indentures and the debt securities will be governed by and construed in accordance with the laws of the State of New York, except to the extent that the Trust Indenture Act of 1939 is applicable.
Subordination of Subordinated Debt Securities
The subordinated debt securities will be unsecured and will be subordinate and junior in priority of payment to certain of our other indebtedness to the extent described in a prospectus supplement. The subordinated indenture does not limit the amount of subordinated debt securities that we may issue, nor does it limit us from issuing any other secured or unsecured debt.
DESCRIPTION OF UNITS
We may offer units comprised of any of the other securities described in this prospectus in any combination. Each unit will be issued so that the holder of the unit is also the holder of each security included in the unit. Thus, the holder of a unit will have the rights and obligations of a holder of each included security. The units may be issued under units agreements to be entered into between us and a bank or trust company, as unit agent, as detailed in the prospectus supplement relating to units being offered.
We will file as exhibits to the registration statement of which this prospectus is a part, or will incorporate by reference from reports that we file with the SEC, the form of unit agreement, if any, that describes the terms of the series of units we are offering, and any supplemental agreements, before the issuance of the related series of units. The following summaries of material terms and provisions of the units are subject to, and qualified in their entirety by reference to, all the provisions of the unit agreement, if any, and any supplemental agreements applicable to a particular series of units. We urge you to read the applicable prospectus supplements related to the particular series of units that we may offer under this prospectus, as well as the complete unit agreement, if any, and any supplemental agreements that contain the terms of the units.
The prospectus supplement relating to a particular issue of units will describe the terms of those units and the price or prices at which we will offer the units. The description may include:
|·||the designation and terms of the units and of the securities comprising the units, including whether and under what circumstances the securities comprising the units may be held or transferred separately;|
|·||a description of the terms of any unit agreement governing the units;|
|·||a description of the provisions for the payment, settlement, transfer or exchange of the units;|
|·||a discussion of material Federal income tax considerations, if applicable; and|
|·||whether the units will be issued in fully registered or global form.|
LEGAL OWNERSHIP OF SECURITIES
We can issue securities in registered form or in the form of one or more global securities. We describe global securities in greater detail below. We refer to those persons who have securities registered in their own names on the books that we or any applicable trustee, depositary or warrant agent maintain for this purpose as the “holders” of those securities. These persons are the legal holders of the securities. We refer to those persons who, indirectly through others, own beneficial interests in securities that are not registered in their own names, as “indirect holders” of those securities. As we discuss below, indirect holders are not legal holders, and investors in securities issued in book-entry form or in street name will be indirect holders.
We may issue securities in book-entry form only, as we will specify in the applicable prospectus supplement. This means securities may be represented by one or more global securities registered in the name of a financial institution that holds them as depositary on behalf of other financial institutions that participate in the depositary’s book-entry system. These participating institutions, which are referred to as participants, in turn, hold beneficial interests in the securities on behalf of themselves or their customers.
Only the person in whose name a security is registered is recognized as the holder of that security. Securities issued in global form will be registered in the name of the depositary or its participants. Consequently, for securities issued in global form, we will recognize only the depositary as the holder of the securities, and we will make all payments on the securities to the depositary. The depositary passes along the payments it receives to its participants, which in turn pass the payments along to their customers who are the beneficial owners. The depositary and its participants do so under agreements they have made with one another or with their customers; they are not obligated to do so under the terms of the securities.
As a result, investors in a book-entry security will not own securities directly. Instead, they will own beneficial interests in a global security, through a bank, broker or other financial institution that participates in the depositary’s book-entry system or holds an interest through a participant. As long as the securities are issued in global form, investors will be indirect holders, and not holders, of the securities.
Street Name Holders
We may terminate a global security or issue securities in non-global form. In these cases, investors may choose to hold their securities in their own names or in “street name.” Securities held by an investor in street name would be registered in the name of a bank, broker or other financial institution that the investor chooses, and the investor would hold only a beneficial interest in those securities through an account he or she maintains at that institution.
For securities held in street name, we will recognize only the intermediary banks, brokers and other financial institutions in whose names the securities are registered as the holders of those securities, and we will make all payments on those securities to them. These institutions pass along the payments they receive to their customers who are the beneficial owners, but only because they agree to do so in their customer agreements or because they are legally required to do so. Investors who hold securities in street name will be indirect holders, not holders, of those securities.
Our obligations, as well as the obligations of any applicable trustee and of any third parties employed by us or a trustee, run only to the legal holders of the securities. We do not have obligations to investors who hold beneficial interests in global securities, in street name or by any other indirect means. This will be the case whether an investor chooses to be an indirect holder of a security or has no choice because we are issuing the securities only in global form.
For example, once we make a payment or give a notice to the holder, we have no further responsibility for the payment or notice even if that holder is required, under agreements with depositary participants or customers or by law, to pass it along to the indirect holders but does not do so. Similarly, we may want to obtain the approval of the holders to amend an indenture, to relieve us of the consequences of a default or of our obligation to comply with a particular provision of the indenture or for other purposes. In such an event, we would seek approval only from the holders, and not the indirect holders, of the securities. Whether and how the holders contact the indirect holders is up to the holders.
Special Considerations For Indirect Holders
If you hold securities through a bank, broker or other financial institution, either in book-entry form or in street name, you should check with your own institution to find out:
|·||how it handles securities payments and notices;|
|·||whether it imposes fees or charges;|
|·||how it would handle a request for the holders’ consent, if ever required;|
|·||whether and how you can instruct it to send you securities registered in your own name so you can be a holder, if that is permitted in the future;|
|·||how it would exercise rights under the securities if there were a default or other event triggering the need for holders to act to protect their interests; and|
|·||if the securities are in book-entry form, how the depositary’s rules and procedures will affect these matters.|
A global security is a security that represents one or any other number of individual securities held by a depositary. Generally, all securities represented by the same global securities will have the same terms.
Each security issued in book-entry form will be represented by a global security that we deposit with and register in the name of a financial institution or its nominee that we select. The financial institution that we select for this purpose is called the depositary. Unless we specify otherwise in the applicable prospectus supplement, The Depository Trust Company, New York, New York, known as DTC, will be the depositary for all securities issued in book-entry form.
A global security may not be transferred to or registered in the name of anyone other than the depositary, its nominee or a successor depositary, unless special termination situations arise. We describe those situations below under “Special Situations When a Global Security Will Be Terminated.” As a result of these arrangements, the depositary, or its nominee, will be the sole registered owner and holder of all securities represented by a global security, and investors will be permitted to own only beneficial interests in a global security. Beneficial interests must be held by means of an account with a broker, bank or other financial institution that in turn has an account with the depositary or with another institution that does. Thus, an investor whose security is represented by a global security will not be a holder of the security, but only an indirect holder of a beneficial interest in the global security.
If the prospectus supplement for a particular security indicates that the security will be issued in global form only, then the security will be represented by a global security at all times unless and until the global security is terminated. If termination occurs, we may issue the securities through another book-entry clearing system or decide that the securities may no longer be held through any book-entry clearing system.
Special Considerations For Global Securities
The rights of an indirect holder relating to a global security will be governed by the account rules of the investor’s financial institution and of the depositary, as well as general laws relating to securities transfers. We do not recognize an indirect holder as a holder of securities and instead deal only with the depositary that holds the global security.
If securities are issued only in the form of a global security, an investor should be aware of the following:
|·||an investor cannot cause the securities to be registered in his or her name, and cannot obtain non-global certificates for his or her interest in the securities, except in the special situations we describe below;|
|·||an investor will be an indirect holder and must look to his or her own bank or broker for payments on the securities and protection of his or her legal rights relating to the securities, as we describe above;|
|·||an investor may not be able to sell interests in the securities to some insurance companies and to other institutions that are required by law to own their securities in non-book-entry form;|
|·||an investor may not be able to pledge his or her interest in a global security in circumstances where certificates representing the securities must be delivered to the lender or other beneficiary of the pledge in order for the pledge to be effective;|
|·||the depositary’s policies, which may change from time to time, will govern payments, transfers, exchanges and other matters relating to an investor’s interest in a global security;|
|·||we and any applicable trustee have no responsibility for any aspect of the depositary’s actions or for its records of ownership interests in a global security, nor do we or any applicable trustee supervise the depositary in any way;|
|·||the depositary may, and we understand that DTC will, require that those who purchase and sell interests in a global security within its book-entry system use immediately available funds, and your broker or bank may require you to do so as well; and|
|·||financial institutions that participate in the depositary’s book-entry system, and through which an investor holds its interest in a global security, may also have their own policies affecting payments, notices and other matters relating to the securities.|
There may be more than one financial intermediary in the chain of ownership for an investor. We do not monitor and are not responsible for the actions of any of those intermediaries.
Special Situations When a Global Security Will Be Terminated
In a few special situations described below, the global security will terminate and interests in it will be exchanged for physical certificates representing those interests. After that exchange, the choice of whether to hold securities directly or in street name will be up to the investor. Investors must consult their own banks or brokers to find out how to have their interests in securities transferred to their own name, so that they will be direct holders. We have described the rights of holders and street name investors above.
Unless we provide otherwise in the applicable prospectus supplement, the global security will terminate when the following special situations occur:
|·||if the depositary notifies us that it is unwilling, unable or no longer qualified to continue as depositary for that global security and we do not appoint another institution to act as depositary within 90 days;|
|·||if we notify any applicable trustee that we wish to terminate that global security; or|
|·||if an event of default has occurred with regard to securities represented by that global security and has not been cured or waived.|
The prospectus supplement may also list additional situations for terminating a global security that would apply only to the particular series of securities covered by the applicable prospectus supplement. When a global security terminates, the depositary, and not we or any applicable trustee, is responsible for deciding the names of the institutions that will be the initial direct holders.
PLAN OF DISTRIBUTION
We may sell or issue the shelf securities, and the selling shareholders may sell the resale shares, from time to time in any one or more of the following ways:
|·||through underwriters or dealers;|
|·||directly to purchasers;|
|·||through agents; or|
|·||through a combination of these methods.|
Registration of the shelf securities and resale shares covered by this prospectus does not mean, however, that the securities will necessarily be offered or sold.
Shelf securities and resale shares may be distributed from time to time in one or more transactions at a fixed price or prices, which may be changed; at market prices prevailing at the time of sale; at prices related to such prevailing market prices; or at negotiated prices.
For each offering of securities hereunder, we will describe the method of distribution of such securities, among other things, in the applicable prospectus supplement. The prospectus supplement will set forth the terms of the offering of the securities, including, as applicable:
|·||the name or names of any agents or underwriters;|
|·||the amount of securities underwritten or purchased by any underwriter;|
|·||the initial public offering price;|
|·||the amounts of any commissions discounts paid or allowed to any agents or underwriters;|
|·||the proceeds we will receive;|
|·||any other items constituting underwriters’ compensation;|
|·||any discounts, commissions or concessions allowed or paid to dealers;|
|·||the material terms of any agreement with any underwriters or agents; and|
|·||any securities exchanges on which the securities may be listed.|
Shelf securities and resale shares may be offered through underwriters. Any underwriter will be named, and any discounts allowed or other compensation payable to any underwriter will be set forth, in the applicable prospectus supplement. The securities will be acquired by the underwriters for their own account and may be resold from time to time in one or more transactions, including negotiated transactions, at a fixed public offering price or at varying prices determined at the time of sale. The securities may be either offered to the public through underwriting syndicates represented by managing underwriters or by underwriters without a syndicate. Unless otherwise set forth in the applicable prospectus supplement, the obligations of the underwriters to purchase the securities will be subject to certain conditions precedent and the underwriters will be obligated to purchase all of the securities if any are purchased. We may grant the underwriters an over-allotment option under which underwriters may purchase additional securities from us. Underwriters may sell the securities to or through dealers, and such dealers may receive compensation in the form of discounts, concessions or commissions from the underwriters or commissions from the purchasers for which they may act as agents. Any initial public offering price and any discounts or concessions allowed or paid to dealers may be changed from time to time.
Shelf securities and resale shares may be offered to purchasers directly or through agents designated by us or the selling shareholders from time to time. Any agent involved in the offer or sale of the securities will be named, and any commissions or other compensation payable by us to such agent will be set forth, in the applicable prospectus supplement. Unless otherwise indicated in the prospectus supplement, any agent will be acting on a best efforts basis for the period of its appointment.
Shelf securities and resale shares may be offered to purchasers through dealers as principals. The dealer may then resell the offered securities to the public at varying prices to be determined by the dealer at the time of resale. The name of the dealer and the terms of the transaction will be set forth in the applicable prospectus supplement.
Shelf securities and resale shares may be offered into an existing trading market for such securities at other than a fixed price. Underwriters, dealers, and agents who participate in any such at-the-market offerings will be named in the applicable prospectus, along with the terms and conditions of any agency, marketing or similar agreement and the commissions payable or other compensation upon sales of the securities.
We may make direct sales of shelf securities through subscription rights distributed to our existing shareholders on a pro rata basis, which may or may not be transferable. In any distribution of subscription rights to our shareholders, if all of the underlying securities are not subscribed for, we may then sell the unsubscribed securities directly to third parties or may engage the services of one or more underwriters, dealers or agents, including standby underwriters, to sell the unsubscribed securities to third parties. Any underwriters, dealers or agents involved in the offer or sale of the securities will be named, and any commissions or other compensation payable by us to such underwriter, dealer or agent will be set forth, in the applicable prospectus supplement.
We may offer shelf securities directly to service providers or suppliers in payment of outstanding invoices.
Any selling shareholders, underwriters, broker-dealers and agents that participate in the distribution of the securities may be deemed to be “underwriters” as defined in the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the “Securities Act”). Any commissions paid or any discounts or concessions allowed to any such persons, and any profits they receive on resale of the securities, may be deemed to be underwriting discounts and commissions under the Securities Act. Additionally, because selling shareholders may be deemed to be ”underwriters” within the meaning of Section 2(11) of the Securities Act, selling shareholders may be subject to the prospectus delivery requirements of the Securities Act.
Agents and underwriters may be entitled to indemnification by us or the selling shareholders against certain civil liabilities, including liabilities under the Securities Act, or to contribution with respect to payments which the agents or underwriters may be required to make in respect of their liabilities.
We or the selling shareholders may authorize underwriters, dealers or agents to solicit offers by institutional investors, such as commercial banks and investment companies, to purchase the shelf securities from us or resale shares from the selling shareholders at the public offering price set forth in the applicable prospectus supplement pursuant to delayed delivery contracts providing for payment and delivery on a specified date in the future. The terms and conditions of these contracts and the commissions payable for solicitation of the contracts will be set forth in the prospectus supplement.
During and after an offering through underwriters, the underwriters may purchase and sell the securities in the open market. These transactions may include over allotment and stabilizing transactions and purchases to cover syndicate short positions created in connection with the offering. The underwriters may also impose a penalty bid, whereby selling concessions allowed to syndicate members or other broker-dealers for the offered securities sold for their account may be reclaimed by the syndicate if such offered securities are repurchased by the syndicate in stabilizing or covering transactions. These activities may stabilize, maintain or otherwise affect the market price of the offered securities, which may be higher then the price that might otherwise prevail in the open market. If commenced, these activities may be discontinued at any time.
Any underwriters who are qualified market makers may engage in passive market making transactions in the securities in accordance with Rule 103 of Regulation M.
Agents and underwriters may be our customers or customers of the selling shareholders, engage in transactions with us or the selling shareholders, or perform services for us or the selling shareholders in the ordinary course of business.
In compliance with guidelines of the Financial Industry Regulatory Authority, or FINRA, the aggregate maximum discount, commission or agency fees or other items constituting underwriting compensation to be received by any FINRA member or independent broker-dealer will not exceed 8% of any offering pursuant to this prospectus and any applicable prospectus supplement.
Unless otherwise specified in the applicable prospectus supplement, shelf securities offered by us under this prospectus will be a new issue and, other than the common stock, which is quoted on the NYSE Amex, will have no established trading market. We may elect to list any other class or series of securities on an exchange, and in the case of the common stock, on any additional exchange, but, unless otherwise specified in the applicable prospectus supplement, we shall not be obligated to do so. Any underwriters to whom securities are sold for public offering and sale may make a market in the securities, but the underwriters will not be obligated to do so and may discontinue any market making at any time without notice. The securities may or may not be listed on a national securities exchange or a foreign securities exchange. No assurance can be given as to the liquidity of the trading market for any of the securities.
All costs, expenses and fees associated with the registration and distribution of shelf securities and resale shares (other than underwriting discounts and commissions, placement agent fees and similar compensation) will be borne by us. Underwriting discounts and commissions, placement agent fees or similar compensation will be borne by us and any selling shareholders on a pro rata basis.
The validity of the securities offered will be passed on for us by our counsel, Graubard Miller, New York, New York.
The financial statements incorporated in this prospectus by reference to our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2011, have been so incorporated in reliance on the report of J.H. Cohn LLP, an independent registered public accounting firm, given on the authority of said firm as experts in auditing and accounting.
WHERE YOU CAN FIND MORE INFORMATION
We file annual, quarterly and current reports, proxy statements and other information with the Securities and Exchange Commission. Our SEC filings are available to the public over the Internet at the SEC’s web site at http://www.sec.gov. You may also read and copy any document we file at the SEC’s public reference room at 450 Fifth Street, N.W., Washington, D.C. 20549. Please call the SEC at 1-800-SEC-0330 for further information about the public reference room.
The SEC allows us to incorporate by reference the information we file with it, which means that we can disclose important information to you by referring you to those documents. The information incorporated by reference is an important part of this prospectus, and information that we file later with the SEC will automatically update and supersede this information. This prospectus incorporates by reference our documents listed below and any subsequent filings we make with the SEC under Sections 13(a), 13(c), 14 or 15(d) of the Exchange Act, until all of the securities are sold.
|·||Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2011 (filed on March 14, 2012);|
|·||Current Reports on Form 8-K dated March 7, 2012 (filed on March 7, 2012) and March 9, 2012 (filed on March 12, 2012);|
|·||Proxy Statement filed April 30, 2012, used in connection with the annual meeting of shareholders on June 12, 2012; and|
|·||Registration Statement on Form 8-A, dated September 1, 2000 (filed on September 1, 2000), registering our common stock, under Section 12(b) of the Exchange Act.|
Any statement contained in a document filed before the date of this prospectus and incorporated by reference herein shall be deemed to be modified or superseded for purposes of this prospectus to the extent that a statement contained herein modifies or supersedes such statement. Any statement so modified or superseded shall not be deemed, except as so modified or superseded, to constitute a part of this prospectus. Any information that we file after the date of this prospectus with the SEC will automatically update and supersede the information contained in this prospectus. Notwithstanding the foregoing, we are not incorporating any document or portion thereof or information deemed to have been furnished and not filed in accordance with SEC rule.
Potential investors may obtain a copy of any of our SEC filings, excluding exhibits, without charge, by written or oral request directed to CPI Aerostructures, Inc., Attention: Investor Relations, 91 Heartland Boulevard, Edgewood, New York 11717.
INFORMATION NOT REQUIRED IN PROSPECTUS
Item 14. Other Expenses of Issuance and Distribution.
The estimated expenses (other than underwriting discounts and commissions) to be incurred in connection with the distribution of the securities being registered hereby are as follows:
|SEC registration fee||$||3,795.04||*|
|Legal fees and expenses||65,000.00|
|Accounting fees and expenses||15,000.00|
|Printing fees and expenses||3,000.00|
|NYSE Amex listing fee||**|
|*||Of the SEC registration fee, pursuant to Rule 457(p), $2,644.06 is offset by the registration fee previously paid in connection with the filing of the Registration Statement on Form S-3 (File No. 333-175732) filed by us on July 22, 2011.|
|**||The listing fee is based upon the principal amount of securities listed, if any, and is therefore not currently determinable.|
All expenses, other than the SEC registration fee, are estimated. The actual expenses incurred will depend on the securities offered, the number of issuances and the nature of the offerings.
The selling shareholders will bear a pro rata share of the underwriting discounts and commissions, placement agent fees and similar compensation in connection with any distribution of the securities registered hereby, in proportion to the amount of resale shares included in such distribution. All other costs, expenses and fees associated with the registration and distribution of shelf securities and resale shares will be borne by us.
Item 15. Indemnification of Directors and Officers.
The laws of the New York permit the indemnification of directors, employees, officers and agents of New York corporations. Sections 721 through 726, inclusive, of the Business Corporation Law of New York (“BCL”) authorize New York corporations to indemnify their officers and directors under certain circumstances against expenses and liabilities incurred in legal proceedings involving such persons because of their being or having been officers or directors and to purchase and maintain insurance for indemnification of such officers and directors. Section 402(b) of the BCL permits a corporation, by so providing in its certificate of incorporation, to eliminate or limit directors’ personal liability to the corporation or its shareholders for damages arising out of certain alleged breaches of their duties as directors. The BCL, however, provides that no such limitation of liability may affect a director’s liability with respect to any of the following: (1) acts or omissions made in bad faith or which involved intentional misconduct or a knowing violation of law; (2) any transaction from which the director derived a financial profit or other advantage to which he was not legally entitled; (3) the declaration of dividends or other distributions or purchase or redemption of shares in violation of the BCL; or (4) the distribution of assets to shareholders after dissolution of the corporation without paying or adequately providing for all known liabilities of the corporation or making loans to directors in violation of the BCL.
Our certificate of incorporation, as amended, provides that the personal liability of our directors is eliminated to the fullest extent permitted by Section 402(b) of the BCL. In addition, our amended and restated bylaws provide in substance that each director and officer shall be indemnified by us against reasonable expenses, including attorney's fees, and any liabilities that he or she may incur in connection with any action to which he or she may be made a party by reason of his or her being or having been a director or officer of ours. The indemnification provided by the our bylaws is not deemed exclusive of or in any way to limit any other rights which any person seeking indemnification may be entitled. We also have directors’ and officers’ liability insurance.
In addition, we have entered into indemnification agreements with each of our executive officers and directors which provide that we will indemnify and advance expenses to such officer or director to the fullest extent permitted by law and provides the procedure for entitlement of indemnification.
To the extent that we indemnify our management for liabilities arising under securities laws, we have been informed by the SEC that this indemnification is against public policy and is therefore unenforceable.
Item 16. Exhibits
A list of the exhibits required by Item 601 of Regulation S-K to be filed as part of this registration statement is set forth in the Exhibit Index on page II-6.
Item 17. Undertakings
(a) The undersigned registrant hereby undertakes:
(1) To file, during any period in which offers or sales are being made, a post-effective amendment to this registration statement:
(i) To include any prospectus required by Section 10(a)(3) of the Securities Act of 1933;
(ii) To reflect in the prospectus any facts or events arising after the effective date of the registration statement (or the most recent post-effective amendment thereof) which, individually or in the aggregate, represent a fundamental change in the information set forth in the registration statement. Notwithstanding the foregoing, any increase or decrease in volume of securities offered (if the total dollar value of securities offered would not exceed that which was registered) and any deviation from the low or high end of the estimated maximum offering range may be reflected in the form of prospectus filed with the Commission pursuant to Rule 424(b) if, in the aggregate, the changes in volume and price represent no more than a 20 percent change in the maximum aggregate offering price set forth in the “Calculation of Registration Fee” table in the effective registration statement;
(iii) To include any material information with respect to the plan of distribution not previously disclosed in the registration statement or any material change to such information in the registration statement;
Provided, however, that:
(B) Paragraphs (l)(i), (l)(ii) and (l)(iii) do not apply if the information required to be included in a post-effective amendment by those paragraphs is contained in reports filed with or furnished to the Commission by the registrant pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 that are incorporated by reference in the registration statement, or is contained in a form of prospectus filed pursuant to Rule 424(b) that is part of the registration statement.
(2) That, for the purposes of determining any liability under the Securities Act of 1933, each such post-effective amendment shall be deemed to be a new registration statement relating to the securities offered therein, and the offering of such securities at that time shall be deemed to be the initial bona fide offering thereof.
(3) To remove from registration by means of a post-effective amendment any of the securities being registered which remain unsold at the termination of the offering.
(5) That, for the purpose of determining liability under the Securities Act of 1933 to any purchaser:
|(i) (A)||Each prospectus filed by the registrant pursuant to Rule 424(b)(3) shall be deemed to be part of the registration statement as of the date the filed prospectus was deemed part of and included in the registration statement; and|
(B) Each prospectus required to be filed pursuant to Rule 424(b)(2), (b)(5), or (b)(7) as part of a registration statement in reliance on Rule 430B relating to an offering made pursuant to Rule 415(a)(1)(i), (vii), or (x) for the purpose of providing the information required by Section 10(a) of the Securities Act of 1933 shall be deemed to be part of and included in the registration statement as of the earlier of the date such form of prospectus is first used after effectiveness or the date of the first contract of sale of securities in the offering described in the prospectus. As provided in Rule 430B, for liability purposes of the issuer and any person that is at that date an underwriter, such date shall be deemed to be a new effective date of the registration statement relating to the securities in the registration statement to which that prospectus relates, and the offering of such securities at that time shall be deemed to be the initial bona fide offering thereof. Provided, however, that no statement made in a registration statement or prospectus that is part of the registration statement or made in a document incorporated or deemed incorporated by reference into the registration statement or prospectus that is part of the registration statement will, as to a purchaser with a time of contract of sale prior to such effective date, supersede or modify any statement that was made in the registration statement or prospectus that was part of the registration statement or made in any such document immediately prior to such effective date.
(ii) Each prospectus filed pursuant to Rule 424(b) as part of a registration statement relating to an offering, other than registration statements relying on Rule 430B or other than prospectuses filed in reliance on Rule 430A, shall be deemed to be part of and included in the registration statement as of the date it is first used after effectiveness. Provided, however, that no statement made in a registration statement or prospectus that is part of the registration statement or made in a document incorporated or deemed incorporated by reference into the registration statement or prospectus that is part of the registration statement will, as to a purchaser with a time of contract of sale prior to such first use, supersede or modify any statement that was made in the registration statement or prospectus that was part of the registration statement or made in any such document immediately prior to such date of first use.
(6) That, for the purpose of determining liability of the registrant under the Securities Act of 1933 to any purchaser in the initial distribution of the securities: The undersigned registrant undertakes that in a primary offering of securities of the undersigned registrant pursuant to this registration statement, regardless of the underwriting method used to sell the securities to the purchaser, if the securities are offered or sold to such purchaser by means of any of the following communications, the undersigned registrant will be a seller to the purchaser and will be considered to offer or sell such securities to such purchaser:
(i) Any preliminary prospectus or prospectus of the undersigned registrant relating to the offering required to be filed pursuant to Rule 424;
(ii) Any free writing prospectus relating to the offering prepared by or on behalf of the undersigned registrant or used or referred to by the undersigned registrant;
(iii) The portion of any other free writing prospectus relating to the offering containing material information about the undersigned registrant or its securities provided by or on behalf of the undersigned registrant; and
(iv) Any other communication that is an offer in the offering made by the undersigned registrant to the purchaser.
(b) The undersigned registrant hereby undertakes that, for purposes of determining any liability under the Securities Act of 1933, each filing of the registrant’s annual report pursuant to Section 13(a) or Section 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (and, where applicable, each filing of an employee benefit plan’s annual report pursuant to Section 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934) that is incorporated by reference in the registration statement shall be deemed to be a new registration statement relating to the securities offered therein, and the offering of such securities at that time shall be deemed to be the initial bona fide offering thereof.
(c) The undersigned registrant hereby undertakes to supplement the prospectus, after the expiration of the subscription period, to set forth the results of the subscription offer, the transactions by the underwriters during the subscription period, the amount of unsubscribed securities to be purchased by the underwriters, and the terms of any subsequent reoffering thereof. If any public offering by the underwriters is to be made on terms differing from those set forth on the cover page of the prospectus, a post-effective amendment will be filed to set forth the terms of such offering.
(h) Insofar as indemnification for liabilities arising under the Securities Act of 1933 may be permitted to directors, officers and controlling persons of the registrant pursuant to the foregoing provisions, or otherwise, the registrant has been advised that in the opinion of the Securities and Exchange Commission such indemnification is against public policy as expressed in the Act and is, therefore, unenforceable. In the event that a claim for indemnification against such liabilities (other than the payment by the registrant of expenses incurred or paid by a director, officer or controlling person of the registrant in the successful defense of any action, suit or proceeding) is asserted by such director, officer or controlling person in connection with the securities being registered, the registrant will, unless in the opinion of its counsel the matter has been settled by controlling precedent, submit to a court of appropriate jurisdiction the question whether such indemnification by it is against public policy as expressed in the Act and will be governed by the final adjudication of such issue.
(j) The undersigned registrant hereby undertakes to file an application for the purpose of determining the eligibility of the trustee to act under subsection (a) of Section 310 of the Trust Indenture Act in accordance with the rules and regulations prescribed by the SEC under Section 305(b)(2) of the Trust Indenture Act.
Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Act of 1933, the registrant certifies that it has reasonable grounds to believe that it meets all of the requirements for filing on Form S-3 and has duly caused this registration statement to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized, in the city of Edgewood, state of New York on April 30, 2012.
|CPI AEROSTRUCTURES, INC|
|By:||/s/ Edward J. Fred|
|Name:||Edward J. Fred|
|Title:||President and Chief Executive Officer|
KNOW ALL MEN BY THESE PRESENTS, that each person whose signature appears below constitutes and appoints Eric Rosenfeld, Edward J. Fred and Vincent Palazzolo, and each of them, with full power to act without the other, such person’s true and lawful attorneys-in-fact and agents, with full power of substitution and re-substitution, for him and in his name, place and stead, in any and all capacities, to sign this Registration Statement, any and all amendments thereto (including post-effective amendments), any subsequent Registration Statements pursuant to Rule 462 of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and any amendments thereto and to file the same, with exhibits and schedules thereto, and other documents in connection therewith, with the Securities and Exchange Commission, granting unto said attorneys-in-fact and agents, and each of them, full power and authority to do and perform each and every act and thing necessary or desirable to be done in and about the premises, as fully to all intents and purposes as he might or could do in person, hereby ratifying and confirming all that said attorneys-in-fact and agents, or any of them, or their or his substitute or substitutes, may lawfully do or cause to be done by virtue hereof.
Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Act of 1933, this registration statement has been signed by the following persons in the capacities and on the dates indicated.
|By: /s/ Eric Rosenfeld||Chairman of the Board||April 30, 2012|
|By: /s/ Edward J. Fred||President, Chief Executive Officer and||April 30, 2012|
|Edward J. Fred||Director (Principal Executive Officer)|
|By: /s/ Vincent Palazzolo||Chief Financial Officer (Principal Financial||April 30, 2012|
|Vincent Palazzolo||Officer and Principal Accounting Officer)|
|By: /s/ Harvey J. Bazaar||Director||April 30, 2012|
|Harvey J. Bazaar|
|By: /s/ Kenneth McSweeney||Director||April 30, 2012|
|By: /s/ Walter Paulick||Director||April 30, 2012|
Exhibit No. Description
|1.1*||Form of Underwriting Agreement or other similar agreement.|
|3.1||Certificate of Incorporation of the Company, as amended (incorporated by reference from Exhibit 3.1 of the Company’s Registration Statement on Form S-1 (No. 33-49270) declared effective on September 16, 1992).|
|3.1(a)||Certificate of Amendment of Certificate of Incorporation (incorporated by reference from Exhibit 3.1(a) of the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-KSB for the year ended December 31, 1998).|
|3.2||Amended and Restated By-Laws of the Company (incorporated by reference from Exhibit 3.2 of the Company’s Current Report on Form 8-K dated November 13, 2007).|
|4.1*||Form of Certificate of Amendment of Preferred Stock.|
|4.2*||Form of Warrant.|
|4.3||Form of Indenture for Senior Debt Securities between the Registrant and Trustee to be designated.|
|4.4||Form of Indenture for Subordinated Debt Securities between the Registrant and Trustee to be designated.|
|4.5*||Form of Note.|
|4.6*||Form of Unit Agreement.|
|5.1||Opinion of Graubard Miller.|
|10.1*||Form of Securities Purchase Agreement or other similar agreement.|
|12.1||Computation of ratio of earnings to fixed charges.|
|23.1||Consent of J.H. Cohn LLP.|
|23.2||Consent of Graubard Miller (included in its opinion filed as Exhibit 5.1).|
|24||Power of Attorney (set forth on signature page).|
|25**||Form T-1 Statement of Eligibility under the Trust Indenture Act of 1939, as amended, of the Trustee under an indenture.|
|*||To be filed, if applicable, subsequent to the effectiveness of this Registration Statement by an amendment to this Registration Statement or by incorporation by reference through a Current Report on Form 8-K filed in connection with an offering of securities.|
|**||To be filed subsequent to the effectiveness of this Registration Statement pursuant to Section 305(b)(2) of the Trust Indenture Act of 1939, as amended.|